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Academic Programs - College of Medicine

THE DOCTOR OF MEDICINE (MD) PROGRAM (Hours vs CHED)

 

The basic medical education program of Davao Medical School Foundation takes four years to complete. Each academic year is divided into two semesters of at least eighteen weeks per semester, exclusive of registration and comprehensive examinations. The core contents of the Doctor of Medicine program are presented through organ systems integration with case-based discussions, starting with basic principles and theories of medicine that are taught in the first and second years, followed by clinical courses that begin early in the second semester of the second year and expanding throughout the succeeding years. It is expected that at the end of the four year program, the student is able to demonstrate the following learning outcomes: clinical skills, diagnostic and therapeutic skills, patient investigation, patient management, health promotion and disease prevention, communication skills, medical informatics, application of basic, social and clinical sciences and underlying principles, appropriate attitudes, ethical understanding and legal responsibilities, decision making skills and clinical reasoning and judgment, the role of the doctor within the health service, and personal development.

 

First Year

The course contents in first year are designed to provide students with better understanding of the art and science of medicine, starting with the study of the normal structure and function of the different organ systems of the human body – from molecular to cellular mechanisms that are important in maintaining homeostasis. Also included is the understanding of the important non-biological determinants of poor health and the economic, psychological, social, and cultural factors that contribute to the development and/or continuation of illnesses. Clinical scenarios are provided to enable students apply the learned principles and concepts to the underlying causes of illnesses, and to enable students develop communication and clinical reasoning skills. The appropriate ethical approach to patient care as well as the use of evidence-based medicine is likewise offered as early as first year.



              Subjects

First Semester

(Curriculum Hours)

Second Semester

(Curriculum Hours)

Total

 

Weight

%

 

Lecture

Practical

Lecture

Practical

 

 

Gross Anatomy

        72

90

        72

90

324

26.7%

Histology

36

36

36

36

144

11.8%

Physiology

72

72

72

72

288

23.7%

Biochemistry

72

72

72

72

288

23.7%

Art & Science of Med 1

36

-

-

-

36

2.9%

Primary Health Care

36

8

-

-

44

3.6%

Research 1

36

-

-

-

36

2.9%

Neuro-anatomy

-

-

36

18

54

4.4%

Total

360

278

288

288

1214

100%

 

COURSE DESCRIPTION

 

Gross Anatomy (Yearly subject)

        This course deals with normal structures of the different organ systems of the human body, including its concept and process of development (embryology). Each organ system is learned through large and small group discussions, cadaver dissections, interactive media and imaging.

 

Histology (Yearly subject)

        This course deals with normal microscopic structures of the different organ systems of the human body. Each cellular structure is learned through large and small group discussions, interactive media and laboratory microscopy.

 

Physiology (Yearly subject)

        This course is designed to provide adequate knowledge on the normal functions of the different organ systems of the human body and how these organ systems interact with one another to maintain homeostasis.

 

Biochemistry (Yearly subject)

        This course is designed to provide adequate knowledge on the normal biochemical processes that occur at the molecular level of the different organ systems of the human body, with emphasis on carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism and the role of vitamins and minerals during those processes. In line with newer discoveries in the medical field, genetics is given special consideration.

 

Neuro-anatomy (One Semester)

        This course is designed to prepare medical students basic concepts in neuro-anatomy as they relate to normal functions of the human body.

 

Primary Health Care (One Semester)

       This course provides the necessary knowledge, attitudes and skills in primary health care – its principles and application, as an approach to family and community health development, including basic socio-cultural and economic determinants affecting health.

 

Research 1 (One Semester)

        This course provides basic understanding of doing research as part of the physician’s role in providing new knowledge in medicine. Ethics in research is also emphasized.

 

Arts and Science of Medicine 1 (One Semester)

       This course is designed to develop student’s skills in communication and professionalism, and help understand the healer’s role to both individual patient and society, including ethical behavior.

 

Second Year

The course contents are designed to provide students with the understanding of the normal and altered structure and function of the human body, including the role of genetic, developmental, metabolic, toxic, infectious, immunologic, neoplastic, degenerative, and traumatic factors that may contribute to the body’s disorder/illness (pathogenesis). The principles and concepts of therapeutics are also taught. The ability to obtain an accurate medical history, perform a complete physical examination and develop interpersonal and communication skills are also taught with patient exposures initiated in the second semester.

 

              Subjects

First Semester

(Curriculum Hours)

Second Semester

(Curriculum Hours)

Total

 

Weight

%

 

Lecture

Practical

Lecture

Practical

 

 

General Pathology

81

72

81

72

306

24.6%

Pharmacology

54

36

54

36

180

14.5%

Clinical Pathology

36

-

36

-

72

5.8%

Art & Science of Med 2

36

36

36

36

144

11.6%

Neuroscience 2

54

-

54

-

108

8.7%

Surgery 2

-

-

54

-

54

4.3%

Microbiology & Para

90

72

72

36

270

21.7%

Research 2

36

-

-

-

36

2.8%

Pediatrics 2

-

-

36

-

36

2.8%

Obstetrics 2

-

-

36

-

36

2.8%

Total

387

216

459

180

1242

100%

 

General Pathology (Yearly Subject)

        This course is designed to teach medical students gross and microscopic changes in the structure and/or function of the different cellular and/or organ systems of the human body that are learned through large and small group discussions and use of autopsy specimens and photographic images.

 

Clinical Pathology (Yearly Subject)

        This course is designed to teach medical students how to evaluate various laboratory tests of different tissue fluids and secretions of the human body and how to correlate the results with the clinical manifestations in patients.

 

Pharmacology (Yearly Subject)

        This course is designed to teach medical students the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of various drugs and substances on the different organ systems of the human body through large and small group discussions, laboratory activities and research studies. The student is also taught drug preparation, dosage and prescription writing among others.

 

 

Neuroscience 2 (Yearly Subject)

        This course deals with neurology in the first semester and introduction to psychiatry in the second semester. Focus will be on knowledge, attitudes and skills in the assessment, diagnosis and management plan of the clinical disorders commonly observed in the Philippine setting using the bio-psychosocial model of health and illness.

 

Art and Science of Medicine 2 (Yearly Subject)

        This course deals with the science and art of history taking and physical examination with emphasis on correct identification of normal and abnormal signs and symptoms as a consequence of their understanding of basic concepts and principles learned previously in the basic sciences. Mastery by medical students in the performance of diagnostic and therapeutic maneuvers, interpersonal relationships and ethical understanding with patients and other health professionals are learned in this course.

 

Microbiology and Parasitology (Yearly Subject)

        Microbiology will be offered in the first semester. This course is designed to teach medical students basic concepts, principles and diagnosis of bacterial, viral, and fungal infections and the role of immune responses against such infections. Laboratory activities are provided to acquaint students on the diagnostic procedures in identifying various microorganisms.      

 

        Parasitology will be offered in the second semester. This course deals with the study of common parasites of the human body as well as of animals that are of medical importance to man. Included in the discussions are its morphogenesis, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and plan of management. Skills in the identification of parasites are acquired through gross and microscopic studies.

 

Research 2 (One Semester)

        This course deals with principles of research, including epidemiology, and their applications in the surveillance, diagnosis, management / prevention of diseases and the promotion of health. It empowers the student to come up with evidence-based decisions both in health programs and clinical practice.

 

Pediatrics 2 (One Semester)

        This course is designed primarily to orient the students on the basic concepts and principles of Pediatrics, with emphasis on the process of normal growth and development and corresponding valid norms at different stages as well as nutrition, immunization and genetics.

 

Surgery 2 (One Semester)

        This course introduces the student to the historical developments in surgery, basic concepts & principles in surgery with applied correlations of anatomy, physiology & biochemistry in surgical diseases, trauma, infections & neoplasms. The principles of radiologic imaging & other diagnostic modalities are also included and likewise are the concepts of patient monitoring & safety.

 

Obstetrics 2 (One Semester)

       This course deals with the anatomic and functional concepts, principles and processes of the female reproductive system.

 

 

Third Year

The course contents are designed to provide students with the understanding of the principles and concepts of diseases of different clinical specialties, its epidemiology, pathogenesis, prevention, therapeutic and diagnostic maneuvers, differential diagnosis, management, and their continuing correlation with basic medical sciences. In a typical day, more than half of the time is spent in school providing large and small group discussions. The remaining time is spent in the clinics where students, under the supervision of clinical preceptors, are exposed to simulated and real patients through clinical simulations, bedside and desk-side teaching, grand rounds, mini-lectures and small group discussions. Principles & procedures of common diagnostic & therapeutic examinations of different age groups are taught as well as communication and interpersonal skills. Likewise, knowledge of the theories and principles that govern jurisprudence and ethical decision-making are given due emphasis.

 

 

              Subjects

First Semester

(Cur Hrs)

Second Semester

(Cur Hrs)

Total

Simulation Center, Clinics / Community

    Total

Weight

%

Lecture

Lecture

Weeks (Hours)

 

Pediatrics 3

108

72

180

6 (72)

252

16.5%

OB-Gyne 3

72

72

144

6 (72)

216

14.2%

Surgery 3

72

72

144

6 (72)

216

14.2%

Internal Medicine 3

108

72

180

8 (96)

276

18.1%

Community Med 3

72

-

72

6 (72)

144

9.5%

Ophthalmology  

54

-

54

3.5%

ENT

-

54

54

3.5%

NS 3

54 (Neuro)

54 (Psychia)

108

4 (48)

156

10.2%

Legal Medicine

36

-

36

-

36

2.4%

Medical Ethics

-

36

36

-

36

2.4%

Dermatology

-

36

36

-

36

2.4%

Rehab Medicine

-

         18

18

-

18

1.2%

Radiology

-

27

27

-

27

1.8%

Total

1,089

432

1,521

100%

 

Internal Medicine 3 (Yearly Subject)

        Important concepts, principles, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and management of various diseases and disorders found in man are taught in this course. Student’s skills in history taking, physical examination and differential diagnosis are further strengthened through classroom discussions, case reports and bedside teaching. Student’s skills in interpersonal relationships with patients and other health professionals are likewise reinforced.

 

Neuroscience 3 (Yearly Subject)

        The first semester will deal on Neurology and Psychiatry in the second semester. This course is designed to prepare medical students the neuro- and psychopathology of behavioral problems with emphasis on principles and concepts, its epidemiology, pathogenesis, prevention, therapeutic and diagnostic maneuvers, differential diagnosis, management, and their continuing correlation with basic medical sciences. 

 

Obstetrics and Gynecology 3 (Yearly Subject)

        Important concepts, principles and processes of the female reproductive system will be taught through classroom discussions and clinical encounters with simulated and real patients. Mastery in history taking, physical examination and interpersonal relationships with patients and other health professionals are also taught to the students. Different abnormalities of pregnancy and labor as well as disorders and diseases of the female reproductive system are also discussed.  

 

Pediatrics 3 (Yearly Subject)

        The course continues to teach the student common pediatric problems and abnormalities at different stages of growth and development, including behavior, nutrition, fluids and electrolytes, diseases/disorders of different organ systems, and pediatric emergencies with their corresponding management plan. Mastery in pediatric history taking, physical examination and interpersonal skills are also taught.

 

Surgery 3 (Yearly Subject)

        This course is a continuation of Surgery 2 and deals with the different subdivisions of surgery (head and neck, thorax, abdomen, urology, cardiovascular, orthopedics, etc) including a review of anatomy and physiology, course of the disease, diagnosis and plan of management. In the clinics, the student is further trained on history taking, physical examination, interpersonal skills, as well as exposures to common surgical procedures in the emergency room, operating room and out-patient department.

 

Ophthalmology (One Semester)

        This course teaches the student basic concepts and principles of Ophthalmology in the first semester including the skills in history taking, physical examination, diagnosis and plan of management through classroom discussions, case presentations and clinical exposures.

 

Eyes, Nose and Throat (One Semester)

        This course teaches the student basic concepts and principles of ENT in the second semester, including the skills in history taking, physical examination, diagnosis and plan of management through classroom discussions, case presentations and clinical exposures.

 

Legal Medicine and Jurisprudence (One Semester)

        This course deals with medical law, the medico-legal aspects of negligence, malpractice, forensic pathology, crimes and court procedures as well as government policies in healthcare.

 

Dermatology (One Semester)

        Concepts, principles, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and management of common skin disorders are taught in this subject. The student’s skill in diagnosis is mastered through organized history taking and physical examination, classroom discussions, case reports and bedside teaching.

 

Rehabilitation Medicine (One Semester)

        This subject is designed to introduce students on the philosophy and principles of rehabilitation medicine as well as evaluation and management of common disabling conditions. Participatory patient care with supervision is included in the course. 

 

Radiology (One Semester)

        Important concepts and principles of radiology as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool in medicine will be taught in this subject. In addition, student’s mastery in the evaluation of various radiological tests will be learned during classroom exercises.

 

Community Medicine 3 (Yearly Subject)

        This course intends to discuss social and epidemiological basis of program interventions and apply the principles and methods in the prevention and control of communicable and non-communicable diseases. The students are assigned in different district health centers and in the social hygiene clinic to have a hands-on experience of the different public health programs. The students are expected to come up with a study on the different impact programs of the City Health Office.

 

Medical Ethics (One Semester)

        This course deals with ethical principles in the practice of medicine, the morality of human acts, the personal rights and duties of physicians toward God, society and fellow physicians.

 

Fourth Year – Clinical Clerkship

       The clerkship program consists of fifty-two weeks of modular rotations in the Departments of Internal Medicine (eight weeks), Surgery (eight weeks), Pediatrics (eight weeks), Obstetrics & Gynecology (eight weeks) and Community Medicine (eight weeks), Psychiatry (four weeks), Ophthalmology and ENT (one week each), Dermatology (two weeks) and Clinical Skills Training (four weeks). Under the supervision of the clinical/field preceptor, the student is given the opportunity to demonstrate the twelve outcomes of the medical program.

 

 

Clinical Skills Module

 

 

4 weeks (224 hours)

Comm. Med.

8 weeks (448 hours)

Medicine

 

 

8 weeks (448 hours)

Ophtha + ENT

2 weeks (112 hours)

Surgery

 

 

8 weeks (448 hours)

Dermatology

2 weeks (112 hours)

Ob-Gynecology

 

 

8 weeks (448 hours)

Psychiatry

4weeks (224 hours)

Pediatrics

 

 

8 weeks (448 hours)

Total:

52 weeks (2,912 hours)

 

Language of Instruction

English is the medium of instruction. As such, students whose native language is not English must be proficient in English for them to be admitted to the medical program.

 

Credit Unit

The unit of credit is the semester hour. Each unit of credit is at least 18 semester hours of instruction.

 

Academic Load

Students are required to take all of the prescribed subjects/modules per semester/year in all levels. For a student to be promoted to the next higher level, said student has to earn a passing mark in all subjects/modules. No student is allowed to take advance subject/s in any year level.  

 

Grading System

Formative and summative evaluations are given in all courses. A student earns credit for a subject/module when s/he obtains a grade of 75% or better. To be in good standing, a student must maintain a minimum general weighted average of 75% with no grade lower than 75% in any subject/module. The official mathematical software in the formulation of grades will be Microsoft Excel.



 

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